Today, hair loss is experienced by many people enough to damage their self-confidence and have problems in their social lives. Because hair directly affects the general appearance of people. For all these reasons, hair transplantation methods are frequently preferred by people. In this article, we will examine all aspects of hair transplantation.
History of Hair Transplantation
Humanity’s interest in his hair goes back a long time. Hats, various veils and hairstyles, from ancient Greece to the present day, always create both a cultural indicator and a beauty indicator. Different plants and spells are used against hair loss in some cultures in different periods of history, while baldness and skinniness have come to the forefront in some cultures.
In the 19th century, the first seeds of the hair transplantation process started to be thrown. It was quite a new practice for the scalp to be transplanted to another site by surgical grafting. This technique was used in Japan in the 1930s for the transportation of eyebrows and eyelashes. This process was limited to hair and eyelashes at that time and was never applied for hair transplantation. After the Second World War, Japan has closed itself to the world for decades, and the rest of the world did not know about this work.
The first hair transplant, as we know it today, took place in the United States. This procedure, which was heard in the 1950s when the dermatologist Orentreich began hair transplantation on male subjects in New York, did not attract much attention at that time. Because it was thought that hair transplantation could not replace real hair. However, the dermatologist Orentreich continued his studies on different subjects, proving that the hair was developing and permanent. Orentreich, who has been working on hair transplantation for 20 years, failed to stand out in this field.
Why we lose our hair?
Genetic factors are the leading cause of hair loss, but there are other reasons. Inadequate and unbalanced nutrition affects hair quality. Tension and sadness deteriorate the health of the whole body and the immune system, causing hair loss. Thyroid gland hormones lead to hair loss; The hair appears lifeless, dry and pale. Postpartum period, menopause and postmenopausal period, diabetes, nutritional disorders, various drugs, anaemia, systemic diseases (cancers, liver diseases, infectious diseases), mechanical procedures (frequent blow dryer, inadequate brushing, very tight hair collection) ), chemical processes (some shampoos, dye, perm, colour lightening processes), seawater, sun rays, chlorine in pool waters are also factors that cause hair loss. Hair loss, called seasonal shedding, increases in autumn, especially in spring.
How is hair transplantation done?
According to the preferred method, the hairs in the non-shed areas of the subject are analyzed, and the appropriate hair follicles are collected individually after the area where the hair to be transplanted taken and is prepared for treatment. Once all the hair follicles have been collected, they are separated. After the separation of all the roots one by one, sowing is done. For the sowing process, it is necessary to open the channels very carefully. The lateral slit method opens the canals according to the hair follicle size and length by removing incisions appropriate to the structure of the hair. Hair transplantation can also be applied to areas where there is hair loss due to scarring. Besides, hair transplantation applications may be preferred in case of beard or eyebrow loss.
Hair Transplantation Techniques
FUE: FUE, which is the most common method, is performed by removing hair follicles from the back of the head. The hair taken from the donor area behind the two ears from the back of the head is the source of the hair to be transplanted. Local anaesthesia is applied to this area before the procedure is performed.
FUT: Nowadays, in this method, which is applied more rarely than FUE method, the hair in a secure area selected on the back of the neck is removed in the form of a band of hair strips and separated into roots under the microscope. This method, used for the first time in the 1930s, leaves a 5–10 cm wide ribbon-shaped surgical scar in the area where the hair is removed. Therefore, it is not used today.
What should be paid attention before hair transplantation?
There are some points you need to pay attention to during the procedure for less pain and more successful operation. It is imperative to pay attention to your diet before the process. It is also advised by doctors to try not to get tired and avoid stress.
Stop smoking at the latest 24 hours before the application. Likewise, you need to reduce your use of alcohol and similar substances to zero before the process. Drinks containing caffeine are included in this banned list.
If you have regular medications, remember to inform your doctor about these medications. You should not use antidepressant or anticoagulant drugs starting from 15 days before the application. If you have used it unintentionally, you should tell your doctor. If you are using vitamins B and E, you should stop intake.
What should be paid attention after hair transplantation?
Although hair transplantation sounds like a simple procedure, keep in mind that this procedure is a complicated operation. Therefore, make sure you do the necessary research and choose the right, specialist doctor.
The first 24 hours of operation are significant. With the relief of anaesthesia, you may feel pain or pain. Don’t let this scare you. Never touch your head.
Stay away from work that will make you sweat, such as carrying sports and weight. Be especially careful not to sweat during the first 24 hours of operation. At the same time, things will make you sweat, and you will be tired.
It is very important to protect your scalp from contact. Therefore, care to lie on your back in the first days after sowing.
Another critical point is to avoid stress. As we mentioned before, stress is a factor that weakens the hair follicles and causes loss.
Do not wash your hair for the first three days after the procedure. After the 3rd day of the washing process, wash with the products recommended by your doctor and recommended.